Oaks (Querces) are the most majestic of our native trees; however, besides willow oaks, they are rarely planted in residential landscapes. Don’t let the size and potential acorn nuisance scare you away from planting one of these beautiful giants.
The picture to the right is a Scarlet Oak (Quercus coccinea) and is the reason we chose Oaks to be Novembers plant of the month. When it comes to fall color you just can’t beat it. Different species of Oaks provide color that varies from yellow to orange and even deep reds and purples. Their canopies provide excellent shade in the summer and a free source of mulch in the winter. It’s time to stop thinking of fallen leaves as a pain in the neck and see them for what they really are: natures mulch. Decomposing leaves provide beneficial nutrients to the soil, habitat, and also keep plants cool in the summer and warm in the winter. So this fall, why not consider mulching up the leaves in your lawn with a mower and then raking or blowing them into your planting beds. It’s way easier than bagging and you can always top dress the beds with a thin layer of hardwood mulch in spring if you prefer a cleaner look.
Another main reason to plant Oaks is the benefit they have on our ecosystem. According to Dr. Doug Tallamy, author of “Bringing Nature Home”, Oaks support 534 species of lepidoptera (butterfly and moth) caterpillars– far more than any other native tree or plant. This provides the food needed for all our migratory birds. Without the Oaks it is very likely that many species of insects, birds, and other animals would go extinct.
A few of our favorite Oaks are Quercus rubra (Pictured to the left), Quercus bi color, Quercus alba, and Quercus nutalli. I won’t get into the details of each of these oaks but feel free to do a little research to find out which one is best for you. We are always happy to answer specific questions as well. The only word of caution is to make sure you plant them in a spot that has plenty of room to grow. Many species grow to heights of 100′! This is definitely not an ornamental foundation tree!
Thanks for reading, and have a great fall!
Plant by Design LLC